Monthly Archives: February 2014

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Pair-programming game: Solution Seeker

Solution Seeker

Blog post series

This blog post is part of a series about pair-programming games. To read about more please click see more sessions on pair-programming games. Solution Seeker is one of them.


Start programming only when you have at least three solutions.

I heard about this concept when I started being a programmer. It made some sense then, and now it has even more sense. Especially for problems when we care about: scalability, performance, speed, security, etc.


  • You need to find a very good solution for a problem. But the “good” part here needs to be very well defined in advance. What do you seek for: security, speed, scalability, etc.
  • The domain of the problem might be known or not to you. If it is known, you just want to expand you knowledge and find lateral solutions.


The two pairs sit down at the table and are not allowed to write any code until:

  • they think about at least three possible ways of solving the problem
  • they note on paper or in a text file the solutions
  • every solution has a clear definition of how the goals (security, speed, etc.) are going to be measured in order to make sure the solution is right
  • the solutions are prioritized: the simplest and with best estimated results will be the first one
  • they start prototyping the first solution and measure its performance
  • only if the first solution does not fit the criteria, the second solution is prototyped
  • go on until one good solution is found.

This idea is extremely useful for finding solutions on hard problems or in areas like startups and research&development.

Solution Seeker

Solution Seeker

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Pair-programming game: Farsight Navigator

Farsight Navigator

Blog post series

This blog post is part of a series about pair-programming games. To read about more please click see more sessions on pair-programming games.


  • Make experienced navigators become better
  • Focus on long-term design decisions
  • Create design incrementally
  • Teach others how short-time design decisions can affect the design on the long term


Both the driver and the navigator need to know very clear which is the purpose, the destination, of their current code writing process. This concept works extremely well if you are doing Test Driven Development and you want to produce design incrementally.

The roles of the development are very well separated:

  • the driver is not allowed to think too much ahead
  • the navigator is not allowed to say anything about the implementation details unless some decisions would drive them out of their course.
  • in the case of conflict they need to stop and decide together which is the best approach

The driver

  • needs to focus only on the small implementation details.
  • will write code in small batches of maximum 5 minutes and will make sure the code is functioning well

The navigator

  • needs to see how the code will develop on the long run
  • if the driver tries to think too much ahead, the navigator needs to ask him questions until the driver understands why that decision is a bad one.
  • needs to be a very experienced person in programming and in software design
  • needs to keep their calm and explain always the objections to some path
Farsight Navigator

Farsight Navigator

If you want to have an easier far-sight navigator session think to do a session of behavior slicing, value sampling and then order the resulting behaviors from simple to complicated. This activity will give you a first list of tests you need to implement. This list is just a temporary list, as some tests might be split, some new ones might appear or some of them might need to be discarded.


In the case of a problem where we cannot really know how to proceed we can apply this technique in production. If done well, we will have the simplest design possible, custom created for the problem we want to solve. We will write the minimum amount of code, but further we will minimize our possible design mistakes by focusing more on the design than usually.

This technique prevents us from doing mistakes that are hard to repair afterwards. You might say that you are doing TDD with special focus on long-term design decisions.

Whenever I used this technique, the efficiency of reaching a solution was astonishing from both the time spent and the quality of the solution point of views.


This is the hardest pair-programming game I know. The purpose of this game is to make experienced navigators become better. I would recommend this only after at least 6 months to one year of continuous pairing from both of the pairs.

Have you read Dune by Frank Herbert? If you did not please read it because I guess you will like it. If you did read it, then you might remember the Spacing Guild and how they could guide the space ships by their special skills and protect them from danger. In the case of this game our navigator is like a Guild Navigator from Dune.

The navigator needs to  have special skills of pairing, programming, is extremely experienced in software design and is a very good communicator.

When will become a navigator with a far-sight?

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